Combining Philosophers

All the ideas for Michael Burke, Theodosius and Yuval Noah Harari

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38 ideas

1. Philosophy / B. History of Ideas / 5. Later European Thought
The Scientific Revolution was the discovery of our own ignorance [Harari]
For millenia people didn't know how to convert one type of energy into another [Harari]
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Individuation / e. Individuation by kind
Persistence conditions cannot contradict, so there must be a 'dominant sortal' [Burke,M, by Hawley]
The 'dominant' of two coinciding sortals is the one that entails the widest range of properties [Burke,M, by Sider]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 1. Unifying an Object / b. Unifying aggregates
'The rock' either refers to an object, or to a collection of parts, or to some stuff [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / b. Cat and its tail
Tib goes out of existence when the tail is lost, because Tib was never the 'cat' [Burke,M, by Sider]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / c. Statue and clay
Sculpting a lump of clay destroys one object, and replaces it with another one [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
Burke says when two object coincide, one of them is destroyed in the process [Burke,M, by Hawley]
Maybe the clay becomes a different lump when it becomes a statue [Burke,M, by Koslicki]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / d. Coincident objects
Two entities can coincide as one, but only one of them (the dominant sortal) fixes persistence conditions [Burke,M, by Sider]
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 4. Other Minds / b. Scepticism of other minds
If we can't know minds, we can't know if Pyrrho was a sceptic [Theodosius, by Diog. Laertius]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / c. Wealth
Money does produce happiness, but only up to a point [Harari]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / c. A unified people
If a group is bound by gossip, the natural size is 150 people [Harari]
25. Society / B. The State / 1. Purpose of a State
The Nazi aim was to encourage progressive evolution, and avoid degeneration [Harari]
25. Society / B. The State / 8. Culture
We stabilise societies with dogmas, either of dubious science, or of non-scientific values [Harari]
25. Society / B. The State / 9. Population / b. Human population
People 300m tons; domesticated animals 700m tons; larger wild animals 100m tons [Harari]
Since 1500 human population has increased fourteenfold, and consumption far more [Harari]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / d. Free market
No market is free of political bias, and markets need protection of their freedoms [Harari]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / e. Freedom of lifestyle
Freedom may work against us, as individuals can choose to leave, and make fewer commitments [Harari]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
The state fostered individualism, to break the power of family and community [Harari]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 7. Communitarianism
In 1750 losing your family and community meant death [Harari]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 11. Capitalism
The main rule of capitalism is that all other goods depend on economic growth [Harari]
The sacred command of capitalism is that profits must be used to increase production [Harari]
The progress of capitalism depends entirely on the new discoveries and gadgets of science [Harari]
In capitalism the rich invest, and the rest of us go shopping [Harari]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 2. Taxation
Financing is increasingly through credit rather than taxes; people prefer investing to taxation [Harari]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 4. Education / d. History study
The more you know about history, the harder it becomes to explain [Harari]
History teaches us that the present was not inevitable, and shows us the possibilities [Harari]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. War
Real peace is the implausibility of war (and not just its absence) [Harari]
29. Religion / A. Polytheistic Religion / 1. Animism
Animism is belief that every part of nature is aware and feeling, and can communicate [Harari]
29. Religion / A. Polytheistic Religion / 2. Greek Polytheism
Most polytheist recognise one supreme power or law, behind the various gods [Harari]
Polytheism is open-minded, and rarely persecutes opponents [Harari]
Mythologies are usual contracts with the gods, exchanging devotion for control of nature [Harari]
29. Religion / A. Polytheistic Religion / 4. Dualist Religion
Manichaeans and Gnostics: good made spirit, evil made flesh [Harari]
Dualist religions see everything as a battleground of good and evil forces [Harari]
Dualist religions say the cosmos is a battleground, so canít explain its order [Harari]
29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 1. Monotheism
In order to explain both order and evil, a single evil creator is best, but no one favours that [Harari]
Monotheism appeared in Egypt in 1350 BCE, when the god Aten was declared supreme [Harari]