Combining Philosophers

All the ideas for Michael Burke, St Mark and Andrew Shorten

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26 ideas

9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Individuation / e. Individuation by kind
Persistence conditions cannot contradict, so there must be a 'dominant sortal' [Burke,M, by Hawley]
The 'dominant' of two coinciding sortals is the one that entails the widest range of properties [Burke,M, by Sider]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 1. Unifying an Object / b. Unifying aggregates
'The rock' either refers to an object, or to a collection of parts, or to some stuff [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / b. Cat and its tail
Tib goes out of existence when the tail is lost, because Tib was never the 'cat' [Burke,M, by Sider]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / c. Statue and clay
Sculpting a lump of clay destroys one object, and replaces it with another one [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
Burke says when two object coincide, one of them is destroyed in the process [Burke,M, by Hawley]
Maybe the clay becomes a different lump when it becomes a statue [Burke,M, by Koslicki]
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / d. Coincident objects
Two entities can coincide as one, but only one of them (the dominant sortal) fixes persistence conditions [Burke,M, by Sider]
24. Applied Ethics / A. Decision Conflicts / 5. Omissions
Utilitarians conflate acts and omissions; causing to drown and failing to save are the same [Shorten]
25. Society / B. The State / 8. Religion in Society
Religious toleration has been institutionalised by the separation of church and state [Shorten]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / g. Social power
There are eight different ways in which groups of people can be oppressed [Shorten, by PG]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 1. Political Theory
Constitutional Patriotism unites around political values (rather than national identity) [Shorten]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
Democracy is a method of selection, or it involves participation, or it concerns public discussion [Shorten]
Some say democracy is intrinsically valuable, others that it delivers good outcomes [Shorten]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / d. Representative democracy
Representative should be either obedient, or sensible, or typical [Shorten]
There is 'mirror representation' when the institution statistically reflects the population [Shorten]
In a changed situation a Mandated Representative can't keep promises and fight for constituents [Shorten]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
Liberalism should not make assumptions such as the value of choosing your own life plan [Shorten]
Liberal equality concerns rights, and liberal freedom concerns choice of ends [Shorten]
Liberal citizens have a moral requirement to respect freedom and equality [Shorten]
Liberal Nationalism says welfare states and democracy needed a shared sense of nationality [Shorten]
Liberal Nationalism encourages the promotion of nationalistic values [Shorten]
Liberal Nationalism is more communitarian, and Constitutional Patriotism more cosmopolitan [Shorten]
Maybe the rational autonomous liberal individual is merely the result of domination [Shorten]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 7. Communitarianism
Liberals treat individuals as mutual strangers, rather than as social beings [Shorten]
28. God / B. Proving God / 3. Proofs of Evidence / e. Miracles
False prophets will perform wonders to deceive even the elect [Mark]