### All the ideas for Michael Burke, Helen Cartwright and Brian R. Martin

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23 ideas

###### 5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / d. Singular terms
 10670 A 'singulariser' converts a plural like 'number of' to a syntactically neutral form [Cartwright,H, by Hossack]
###### 9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Individuation / e. Individuation by kind
 16235 Persistence conditions cannot contradict, so there must be a 'dominant sortal' [Burke,M, by Hawley]
 14753 The 'dominant' of two coinciding sortals is the one that entails the widest range of properties [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 1. Unifying an Object / b. Unifying aggregates
 16072 'The rock' either refers to an object, or to a collection of parts, or to some stuff [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / b. Cat and its tail
 14751 Tib goes out of existence when the tail is lost, because Tib was never the 'cat' [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / c. Statue and clay
 16071 Sculpting a lump of clay destroys one object, and replaces it with another one [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
 16234 Burke says when two object coincide, one of them is destroyed in the process [Burke,M, by Hawley]
 13278 Maybe the clay becomes a different lump when it becomes a statue [Burke,M, by Koslicki]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / d. Coincident objects
 14750 Two entities can coincide as one, but only one of them (the dominant sortal) fixes persistence conditions [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 1. Mechanics / c. Forces
 21202 The strong force has a considerably greater range than the weak force [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 2. Thermodynamics / c. Conservation of energy
 21211 If an expected reaction does not occur, that implies a conservation law [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / a. Electrodynamics
 21209 Electron emit and reabsorb photons, which create and reabsorb virtual electrons and positrons [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / b. Fields
 21201 A 'field' is just a region to which points can be assigned in space and time [Martin,BR]
 21212 The Higgs field, unlike others, has a nozero value in a state without particles [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / c. Electrons
 21205 Many physicists believe particles have further structure, if only we could see it [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / d. Quantum mechanics
 21203 Uncertainty allows very brief violations of energy conservation - even shorter with higher energies [Martin,BR]
 21207 The Exclusion Principle says no two fermions occupy the same state, with the same numbers [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 4. Standard Model / b. Standard model
 21204 The standard model combines theories of strong interaction, and electromagnetic and weak interaction [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 4. Standard Model / c. Particle properties
 21206 The properties of a particle are determined by its quantum numbers and its mass [Martin,BR]
 21208 Eletrons don't literally 'spin', because they are point-like [Martin,BR]
 21210 Virtual particles surround any charged particle [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 5. Unified Models / b. String theory
 21213 String theory only has one free parameter (tension) - unlike the standard model with 19 [Martin,BR]
###### 27. Natural Reality / E. Chemistry / 2. Modern Elements
 21200 An 'element' is what cannot be decomposed by chemistry [Martin,BR]