### All the ideas for Michael Burke, Democritus (attrib) and Crawford L. Elder

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37 ideas

###### 2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
 501 Reason is a more powerful persuader than gold [Democritus (attr)]
###### 8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 1. Nature of Properties
 13795 Properties only have identity in the context of their contraries [Elder]
###### 9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Individuation / e. Individuation by kind
 16235 Persistence conditions cannot contradict, so there must be a 'dominant sortal' [Burke,M, by Hawley]
 14753 The 'dominant' of two coinciding sortals is the one that entails the widest range of properties [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 1. Unifying an Object / b. Unifying aggregates
 16072 'The rock' either refers to an object, or to a collection of parts, or to some stuff [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / b. Cat and its tail
 14751 Tib goes out of existence when the tail is lost, because Tib was never the 'cat' [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / c. Statue and clay
 13798 Maybe we should give up the statue [Elder]
 16071 Sculpting a lump of clay destroys one object, and replaces it with another one [Burke,M, by Wasserman]
 16234 Burke says when two object coincide, one of them is destroyed in the process [Burke,M, by Hawley]
 13278 Maybe the clay becomes a different lump when it becomes a statue [Burke,M, by Koslicki]
###### 9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / d. Coincident objects
 14750 Two entities can coincide as one, but only one of them (the dominant sortal) fixes persistence conditions [Burke,M, by Sider]
###### 9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 6. Essence as Unifier
 13797 The loss of an essential property means the end of an existence [Elder]
###### 9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 9. Essence and Properties
 13794 Essential properties by nature occur in clusters or packages [Elder]
 13796 Essential properties are bound together, and would be lost together [Elder]
###### 21. Aesthetics / A. Aesthetic Experience / 4. Beauty
 514 Beauty is merely animal without intelligence [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / c. Health
 502 Good breeding in men means having a good character [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
 507 Virtuous love consists of decorous desire for the beautiful [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / b. Types of pleasure
 505 Good and true are the same for everyone, but pleasures differ [Democritus (attr)]
 521 We should only choose pleasures which are concerned with the beautiful [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / c. Value of pleasure
 508 Only accept beneficial pleasures [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / d. Sources of pleasure
 520 The great pleasures come from the contemplation of noble works [Democritus (attr)]
 522 Moderation brings more pleasures, and so increases pleasure [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / e. Role of pleasure
 506 Immoderate desire is the mark of a child, not an adult [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / f. Dangers of pleasure
 523 It is as brave to master pleasure as to overcome the enemy [Democritus (attr)]
###### 22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / g. Moral responsibility
 525 Behave well when alone, and feel shame in you own eyes [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
 497 Be virtuous from duty, not from fear [Democritus (attr)]
 503 Virtue doesn't just avoid evil, but also doesn't desire it [Democritus (attr)]
 518 A bad life is just a drawn-out death [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / d. Teaching virtue
 499 Repentance of shameful deeds is salvation [Democritus (attr)]
 524 Virtue comes more from practice than from nature [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / i. Absolute virtues
 519 One must avoid even speaking of evil deeds [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice
 500 The wrongdoer is more unfortunate than the person wronged [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / c. Wealth
 1539 The endless desire for money is a crueller slavery than poverty [Democritus (attr)]
 526 Small appetite makes poverty equal to wealth [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / d. Friendship
 511 It is better to have one intelligent friend than many unintelligent [Democritus (attr)]
###### 23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
 498 It is a great thing, when one is in adversity, to think of duty [Democritus (attr)]
###### 25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
 1541 It is better to be poor in a democracy than be rich without freedom [Democritus (attr)]