Combining Philosophers

All the ideas for Jeffrey H. Sicha, Stephen Boulter and Carl Friedrich Gauss

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12 ideas

1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 4. Metaphysics as Science
Science rests on scholastic metaphysics, not on Hume, Kant or Carnap [Boulter]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Nature of Numbers / d. Natural numbers
The essence of natural numbers must reflect all the functions they perform [Sicha]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 4. Using Numbers / c. Counting procedure
Counting puts an initial segment of a serial ordering 1-1 with some other entities [Sicha]
To know how many, you need a numerical quantifier, as well as equinumerosity [Sicha]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 5. The Infinite / d. Actual infinite
Actual infinities are not allowed in mathematics - only limits which may increase without bound [Gauss]
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 2. Need for Universals
Thoughts are general, but the world isn't, so how can we think accurately? [Boulter]
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 6. Logical Necessity
Logical possibility needs the concepts of the proposition to be adequate [Boulter]
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 3. Experiment
Experiments don't just observe; they look to see what interventions change the natural order [Boulter]
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 1. Scientific Theory
Science begins with sufficient reason, de-animation, and the importance of nature [Boulter]
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 1. Faculties
Our concepts can never fully capture reality, but simplification does not falsify [Boulter]
19. Language / E. Analyticity / 3. Analytic and Synthetic
Aristotelians accept the analytic-synthetic distinction [Boulter]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / b. Fact and value
The facts about human health are the measure of the values in our lives [Boulter]