Combining Philosophers

All the ideas for Friedrich Schlegel, John Richardson and Jonathan Wolff

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43 ideas

1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 4. Later European Philosophy / c. Eighteenth century philosophy
Irony is consciousness of abundant chaos [Schlegel,F]
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 3. Metaphysical Systems
Plato has no system. Philosophy is the progression of a mind and development of thoughts [Schlegel,F]
Metaphysics generalises the data, to get at the ontology [Richardson]
Metaphysics aims at the essence of things, and a system to show how this explains other truths [Richardson]
Metaphysics needs systems, because analysis just obsesses over details [Richardson]
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / b. Transcendental idealism
Poetry is transcendental when it connects the ideal to the real [Schlegel,F]
21. Aesthetics / B. Nature of Art / 8. The Arts / b. Literature
For poets free choice is supreme [Schlegel,F]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
True love is ironic, in the contrast between finite limitations and the infinity of love [Schlegel,F]
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 3. Angst
Irony is the response to conflicts of involvement and attachment [Schlegel,F, by Pinkard]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / a. Human distinctiveness
Humans dominate because, unlike other animals, they have a synthesis of conflicting drives [Richardson]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / b. The natural life
Human beings can never really flourish in a long-term state of nature [Wolff,J]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / c. A unified people
Collective rationality is individuals doing their best, assuming others all do the same [Wolff,J]
Should love be the first virtue of a society, as it is of the family? [Wolff,J]
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. Social contract
For utilitarians, consent to the state is irrelevant, if it produces more happiness [Wolff,J]
Social contract theory has the attracton of including everyone, and being voluntary [Wolff,J]
Maybe voting in elections is a grant of legitimacy to the winners [Wolff,J]
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / e. General will
We can see the 'general will' as what is in the general interest [Wolff,J]
25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / c. Despotism
How can dictators advance the interests of the people, if they don't consult them about interests? [Wolff,J]
25. Society / B. The State / 6. Government / a. Government
'Separation of powers' allows legislative, executive and judicial functions to monitor one another [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 1. Social Justice
Rights and justice are only the last resorts of a society, something to fall back on [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / d. Free market
Market prices indicate shortages and gluts, and where the profits are to be made [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / e. Freedom of lifestyle
Liberty principles can't justify laws against duelling, incest between siblings and euthanasia [Wolff,J]
Either Difference allows unequal liberty, or Liberty makes implementing Difference impossible [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / a. Grounds of equality
Utilitarians argue for equal distribution because of diminishing utility of repetition [Wolff,J]
Difference Principle: all inequalities should be in favour of the disadvantaged [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / b. Political equality
Political equality is not much use without social equality [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
If natural rights are axiomatic, there is then no way we can defend them [Wolff,J]
Standard rights: life, free speech, assembly, movement, vote, stand (plus shelter, food, health?) [Wolff,J]
If rights are natural, rather than inferred, how do we know which rights we have? [Wolff,J]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / c. Property rights
Utilitarians might say property ownership encourages the best use of the land [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 1. Political Theory
Political choice can be by utility, or maximin, or maximax [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 2. Social Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism probably implies a free market plus welfare [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 3. Anarchism
It is hard for anarchists to deny that we need experts [Wolff,J]
A realistic and less utopian anarchism looks increasingly like liberal democracy [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
A system of democracy which includes both freedom and equality is almost impossible [Wolff,J]
Democracy expresses equal respect (which explains why criminals forfeit the vote) [Wolff,J]
Democracy has been seen as consistent with many types of inequality [Wolff,J]
A true democracy could not tolerate slavery, exploitation or colonialism [Wolff,J]
Occasional defeat is acceptable, but a minority that is continually defeated is a problem [Wolff,J]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / b. Consultation
We should decide whether voting is for self-interests, or for the common good [Wolff,J]
Condorcet proved that sensible voting leads to an emphatically right answer [Wolff,J]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 1. The Law / c. Legal positivism
Following some laws is not a moral matter; trivial traffic rules, for example [Wolff,J]
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 7. Eliminating causation
A mind that could see cause and effect as a continuum would deny cause and effect [Richardson]