Combining Philosophers

All the ideas for Friedrich Schlegel, Tuomas E. Tahko and John Dupré

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27 ideas

1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 4. Later European Philosophy / c. Eighteenth century philosophy
Irony is consciousness of abundant chaos [Schlegel,F]
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 3. Metaphysical Systems
Plato has no system. Philosophy is the progression of a mind and development of thoughts [Schlegel,F]
7. Existence / E. Categories / 1. Categories
All descriptive language is classificatory [Dupr]
7. Existence / E. Categories / 2. Categorisation
We should aim for a classification which tells us as much as possible about the object [Dupr]
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 8. Essence as Explanatory
Natural kinds don't need essentialism to be explanatory [Dupr]
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 10. Essence as Species
It seems that species lack essential properties, so they can't be natural kinds [Dupr]
A species might have its essential genetic mechanism replaced by a new one [Dupr]
10. Modality / D. Knowledge of Modality / 4. Conceivable as Possible / a. Conceivable as possible
If conceivability is a priori coherence, that implies possibility [Tahko]
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / b. Transcendental idealism
Poetry is transcendental when it connects the ideal to the real [Schlegel,F]
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 4. Prediction
The possibility of prediction rests on determinism [Dupr]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / k. Explanations by essence
Essences are used to explain natural kinds, modality, and causal powers [Tahko]
18. Thought / C. Content / 5. Twin Earth
Presumably molecular structure seems important because we never have the Twin Earth experience [Dupr]
21. Aesthetics / B. Nature of Art / 8. The Arts / b. Literature
For poets free choice is supreme [Schlegel,F]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
True love is ironic, in the contrast between finite limitations and the infinity of love [Schlegel,F]
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 3. Angst
Irony is the response to conflicts of involvement and attachment [Schlegel,F, by Pinkard]
26. Natural Theory / B. Natural Kinds / 1. Natural Kinds
Phylogenetics involves history, and cladism rests species on splits in lineage [Dupr]
Kinds don't do anything (including evolve) because they are abstract [Dupr]
26. Natural Theory / B. Natural Kinds / 7. Critique of Kinds
Cooks, unlike scientists, distinguish garlic from onions [Dupr]
Wales may count as fish [Dupr]
Natural kinds are decided entirely by the intentions of our classification [Dupr]
Borders between species are much less clear in vegetables than among animals [Dupr]
Even atoms of an element differ, in the energy levels of their electrons [Dupr]
Ecologists favour classifying by niche, even though that can clash with genealogy [Dupr]
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / a. Scientific essentialism
Scientific essentialists tend to characterise essence in terms of modality (not vice versa) [Tahko]
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / b. Scientific necessity
If essence is modal and laws are necessary, essentialist knowledge is found by scientists [Tahko]
27. Natural Reality / F. Biology / 5. Species
The theory of evolution is mainly about species [Dupr]
Species are the lowest-level classification in biology [Dupr]