Combining Philosophers

Ideas for Michael Burke, Gordon Graham and Harré,R./Madden,E.H

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17 ideas

14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 1. Scientific Theory
Clavius's Paradox: purely syntactic entailment theories won't explain, because they are too profuse [Harr/Madden]
Simplicity can sort theories out, but still leaves an infinity of possibilities [Harr/Madden]
The powers/natures approach has been so successful (for electricity, magnetism, gravity) it may be universal [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 2. Aim of Science
Science investigates the nature and constitution of things or substances [Harr/Madden]
We prefer the theory which explains and predicts the powers and capacities of particulars [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / C. Induction / 3. Limits of Induction
Conjunctions explain nothing, and so do not give a reason for confidence in inductions [Harr/Madden]
Hume's atomic events makes properties independent, and leads to problems with induction [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / C. Induction / 5. Paradoxes of Induction / b. Raven paradox
Contraposition may be equivalent in truth, but not true in nature, because of irrelevant predicates [Harr/Madden]
The items put forward by the contraposition belong within different natural clusters [Harr/Madden]
The possibility that all ravens are black is a law depends on a mechanism producing the blackness [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 1. Explanation / b. Aims of explanation
Only changes require explanation [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 1. Explanation / c. Direction of explanation
If explanation is by entailment, that lacks a causal direction, unlike natural necessity [Harr/Madden]
Powers can explain the direction of causality, and make it a natural necessity [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / i. Explanations by mechanism
If the nature of particulars explains their powers, it also explains their relations and behaviour [Harr/Madden]
Powers and natures lead us to hypothesise underlying mechanisms, which may be real [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / j. Explanations by reduction
Solidity comes from the power of repulsion, and shape from the power of attraction [Harr/Madden]
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / k. Explanations by essence
Essence explains passive capacities as well as active powers [Harr/Madden]