Combining Philosophers

Ideas for Ralph Cudworth, Socrates and Thomas Jefferson

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10 ideas

20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / d. Weakness of will
Socrates did not accept the tripartite soul (which permits akrasia) [Vlastos on Socrates]
The common belief is that people can know the best without acting on it [Socrates]
No one willingly commits an evil or base act [Socrates]
People do what they think they should do, and only ever do what they think they should do [Socrates, by Xenophon]
Socrates was shocked by the idea of akrasia, but observation shows that it happens [Aristotle on Socrates]
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / a. Practical reason
For Socrates, wisdom and prudence were the same thing [Socrates, by Xenophon]
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
For Socrates, virtues are forms of knowledge, so knowing justice produces justice [Socrates, by Aristotle]
Socrates was the first to base ethics upon reason, and use reason to explain it [Taylor,R on Socrates]
All human virtues are increased by study and practice [Socrates, by Xenophon]
The wise perform good actions, and people fail to be good without wisdom [Socrates, by Xenophon]