Single Idea 19253

[catalogued under 12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 2. Associationism]

Full Idea

Allying certain ideas like 'crimson' and 'scarlet' is called 'association by resemblance'. The name is not a good one, since it implies that resemblance causes association, while in point of fact it is the association which constitutes the resemblance.

Gist of Idea

We talk of 'association by resemblance' but that is wrong: the association constitutes the resemblance


Charles Sanders Peirce (Reasoning and the Logic of Things [1898], VII)

Book Reference

Peirce,Charles Sanders: 'Reasoning and the Logic of Things', ed/tr. Ketner,K.L. [Harvard 1992], p.234

A Reaction

I take it that Hume would have agreed with this. It is an answer to Russell's claim that 'resemblance' must itself be a universal.

Related Idea

Idea 4441 'Resemblance Nominalism' won't work, because the theory treats resemblance itself as a universal [Russell]