Single Idea 19712

[catalogued under 11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 1. Knowledge]

Full Idea

There is a distinction between 'animal knowledge' (which requires only apt belief), and 'reflective knowledge' (requiring both apt and justified belief).

Gist of Idea

Maybe there is plain 'animal' knowledge, and clearly justified 'reflective' knowledge


Hamid Vahid (Externalism/Internalism [2011], 5)

Book Reference

'Routledge Companion to Epistemology', ed/tr. Bernecker,S/Pritchard,D [Routledge 2014], p.154

A Reaction

[He cites Sosa 1991] My inclination (Idea 19711) was to think of knowledge as a continuum (possibly with a contextual component), and this distinction doesn't change my view, though it makes the point.

Related Idea

Idea 19711 Externalism makes the acquisition of knowledge too easy? [Vahid]