Single Idea 22116

[catalogued under 29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / d. Heresy]

Full Idea

Augustine did the most to define Christian heresy. The three most prominent were Donatism, Pelagianism (that humans are perfectible), and Manicheism (that good and evil are equally basic metaphysical realities).

Gist of Idea

Augustine identified Donatism, Pelagianism and Manicheism as the main heresies


report of Augustine (works [c.415]) by Gareth B. Matthews - Augustine p.73

Book Reference

'Shorter Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy', ed/tr. Craig,Edward [Routledge 2005], p.73

A Reaction

Manicheans had presumably been studying Empedocles. (I suppose it's too late to identify Christianity as a heresy?).

Related Idea

Idea 552 Empedocles said good and evil were the basic principles [Empedocles, by Aristotle]