Single Idea 3545

[catalogued under 23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / f. The Mean]

Full Idea

The doctrine of the mean claims that virtues are not the polar opposites of vices, but rather stand between two vices which are opposed.

Gist of Idea

The mean implies that vices are opposed to one another, not to virtue


report of Aristotle (Nichomachean Ethics [c.334 BCE], 1104a13) by Julia Annas - The Morality of Happiness 2.2

Book Reference

Annas,Julia: 'The Morality of Happiness' [OUP 1995], p.60

A Reaction

I'm not sure about that. If the two extremes of courage are cowardice and recklessness, how are those two opposed to one another?