Single Idea 639

[catalogued under 4. Formal Logic / A. Syllogistic Logic / 1. Aristotelian Logic]

Full Idea

Socrates aimed to establish formal logic, of whose syllogisms essences are the foundations. He developed inductive arguments and also general definitions.

Clarification

'Syllogisms' use pure logic, and 'induction' builds on experience

Gist of Idea

Socrates developed definitions as the basis of syllogisms, and also inductive arguments

Source

report of Socrates (reports of career [c.420 BCE]) by Aristotle - Metaphysics 1078b

Book Reference

Aristotle: 'The Metaphysics', ed/tr. Lawson-Tancred,Hugh [Penguin 1998], p.402