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19. Language / G. Interpretation / 1. Translation

[expressing meanings of one language in another language]

4 ideas
All translation loses some content (but language does not create reality) [Carnap]
Translation is too flimsy a notion to support theories of cultural incommensurability [Quine]
Early Quine says all beliefs could be otherwise, but later he said we would assume mistranslation [O'Grady]
Holism says says language can't be translated; the expressibility hypothesis says everything can [Hofweber]