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13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 2. Pragmatic justification

[justification guided by practical needs and action]

6 ideas
We need our beliefs to be determined by some external inhuman permanency [Peirce]
If knowledge is merely justified belief, justification is social [Rorty]
Epistemology is centrally about what we should believe, not the definition of knowledge [Nagel]
What works always takes precedence over theories [Williams,M]
We aren't directly pragmatic about belief, but pragmatic about the deliberation which precedes it [Foley]
Justification comes from acceptable procedures, given practical constraints [Foley]