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22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / b. Types of good

[candidates for what is supremely good]

18 ideas
The chief good is unity, sometimes seen as prudence, or God, or intellect [Eucleides]
Good first, then beauty, then reason, then knowledge, then pleasure [Plato, by PG]
Plato's legacy to European thought was the Good, the Beautiful and the True [Plato, by Gray]
Intelligence and sight, and some pleasures and honours, are candidates for being good in themselves [Aristotle]
Goods are external, of the soul, and of the body; those of the soul (such as action) come first [Aristotle]
Goodness is when a thing (such as a circle) is complete, and conforms with its nature [Aristotle]
Final goods: confidence, prudence, freedom, enjoyment and no pain, good spirits, virtue [Stoic school, by Diog. Laertius]
Like a warming fire, what is good by nature should be good for everyone [Sext.Empiricus]
Pagans produced three hundred definitions of the highest good [Augustine, by Grayling]
The good is the virtuous, the pleasing, or the useful [Leibniz]
Perfection comes through the senses (Beauty), through reason (Truth), and through moral will (Good) [Baumgarten, by Tolstoy]
Reason, love and will are the highest perfections and essence of man - the purpose of his life [Feuerbach]
Goodness is a combination of love and knowledge [Russell]
The three main values are good, right and beauty [Moore,GE, by Ross]
The three intrinsic goods are virtue, knowledge and pleasure [Ross]
The four goods are: virtue, pleasure, just allocation of pleasure, and knowledge [Ross]
The meaning of 'good' and other evaluations must include the object to which they attach [Foot]
Goodness is given either by a psychological state, or the attribution of a property [Korsgaard]