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21. Aesthetics / E. Art Theories / 6. Art as Expression

[personal expression is the essence of art]

8 ideas
Art aims only at beauty, of form, of idea, and (above all) of expression [Tolstoy on Winckelmann]
Objects can be beautiful which express nothing at all, such as the rainbow [Tolstoy on Herbart]
The purpose of art is to help mankind to evolve better, more socially beneficial feelings [Tolstoy]
The highest feelings of mankind can only be transmitted by art [Tolstoy]
Art is when one man uses external signs to hand on his feelings to another man [Tolstoy]
True works of art transmit completely new feelings [Tolstoy]
Artist are not especially passionate, but they pretend to be [Nietzsche]
Croce says art makes inarticulate intuitions conscious; rival views say the audience is the main concern [Scruton]