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13. Knowledge Criteria / C. External Justification / 9. Naturalised Epistemology

[justification is the mechanics of successful belief-formation]

7 ideas
You can't reduce epistemology to psychology, because that presupposes epistemology [Maund on Quine]
We should abandon a search for justification or foundations, and focus on how knowledge is acquired [Quine, by Davidson]
If we abandon justification and normativity in epistemology, we must also abandon knowledge [Kim on Quine]
Without normativity, naturalized epistemology isn't even about beliefs [Kim on Quine]
Epistemology is a part of psychology, studying how our theories relate to our evidence [Quine]
Animal learning is separate from their behaviour [Rey]
Knowledge does not need minds or nervous systems; it is found in all living things [Gray]