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14. Science / C. Induction / 1. Induction

[obtaining general truth from many instances]

25 ideas
Nobody fears a disease which nobody has yet caught [Aristotle]
Induction is the progress from particulars to universals [Aristotle]
Even simple facts are hard to believe at first hearing [Lucretius]
Science deduces propositions from phenomena, and generalises them by induction [Newton]
The idea of inductive evidence, around 1660, made Hume's problem possible [Hacking on Hume]
The whole theory of induction rests on causes [Mill]
Mill's methods (Difference,Agreement,Residues,Concomitance,Hypothesis) don't nail induction [Lipton on Mill]
Induction is merely psychological, with a principle that it can actually establish laws [Frege]
In science one observation can create high probability, while a thousand might prove nothing [Frege]
Induction is just more of the same: animal expectations [Quine]
Induction relies on similar effects following from each cause [Quine]
Enumerative induction is inference to the best explanation [Harman]
Brains are essentially anticipation machines [Dennett]
Induction is repetition, instances, deduction, probability or causation [Lipton]
If we only use induction to assess induction, it is empirically indefeasible, and hence a priori [Field,H]
Enumerative induction gives a universal judgement, while statistical induction gives a proportion [Pollock/Cruz]
Inductive success is rewarded with more induction [Gelman]
Induction leaps into the unknown, but usually lands safely [Maudlin]
The problem of induction is how to justify our belief in the uniformity of nature [Baggini /Fosl]
Induction is said to just compare properties of categories, but the type of property also matters [Murphy]
Induction is reasoning from the observed to the unobserved [Ladyman/Ross]
Psychologists use 'induction' as generalising a property from one category to another [Machery]
'Ampliative' induction infers that all members of a category have a feature found in some of them [Machery]
If causation were necessary, the past would fix the future, and induction would be simple [Mumford/Anjum]
The only full uniformities in nature occur from the essences of fundamental things [Mumford/Anjum]