13427 | Either 'a = b' vacuously names the same thing, or absurdly names different things [Ramsey] |
18154 | The sign of identity is not allowed in 'Tractatus' [Wittgenstein, by Bostock] |
13429 | The identity sign is not essential in logical notation, if every sign has a different meaning [Wittgenstein] |
10012 | Quantification theory can still be proved complete if we add identity [Quine] |
18897 | Predicate logic has to spell out that its identity relation '=' is an equivalent relation [Sommers] |
13799 | The sign '=' is a two-place predicate expressing that 'a is the same thing as b' (a=b) [Bostock] |
13800 | |= α=α and α=β |= φ(α/ξ ↔ φ(β/ξ) fix identity [Bostock] |
13803 | If we are to express that there at least two things, we need identity [Bostock] |
10697 | Identity is clearly a logical concept, and greatly enhances predicate calculus [Boolos] |
3299 | In logic identity involves reflexivity (x=x), symmetry (if x=y, then y=x) and transitivity (if x=y and y=z, then x=z) [Baillie] |
6051 | In 'x is F and x is G' we must assume the identity of x in the two statements [McGinn] |
6055 | Both non-contradiction and excluded middle need identity in their formulation [McGinn] |
6059 | Identity is unitary, indefinable, fundamental and a genuine relation [McGinn] |
10011 | Identity is a level one relation with a second-order definition [Hodes] |
18759 | Identity is invariant under arbitrary permutations, so it seems to be a logical term [McGee] |
13851 | Unlike most other signs, = cannot be eliminated [Engelbretsen/Sayward] |