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### 5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / c. Names as referential

#### [names do no more than pick out an object]

22 ideas
 13789 Anyone who knows a thing's name also knows the thing [Plato]
 4944 Mill says names have denotation but not connotation [Mill, by Kripke]
 7762 Proper names are just labels for persons or objects, and the meaning is the object [Mill, by Lycan]
 4978 The meaning of a proper name is the designated object [Frege]
 6410 The only real proper names are 'this' and 'that'; the rest are really definite descriptions. [Russell, by Grayling]
 15159 The meaning of a logically proper name is its referent, but most names are not logically proper [Russell, by Soames]
 10449 Logically proper names introduce objects; definite descriptions introduce quantifications [Russell, by Bach]
 10823 A name denotes an object if the object satisfies a particular sentential function [Tarski]
 7089 A name is primitive, and its meaning is the object [Wittgenstein]
 21879 Even Kripke can't explain names; the word is the thing, and the thing is the word [Derrida]
 9171 The function of names is simply to refer [Kripke]
 8957 Some references, such as 'Neptune', have to be fixed by description rather than baptism [Kripke, by Szabó]
 10428 Proper names must have referents, because they are not descriptive [Kripke, by Sainsbury]
 4959 A name's reference is not fixed by any marks or properties of the referent [Kripke]
 16982 A man has two names if the historical chains are different - even if they are the same! [Kripke]
 9041 The Causal Theory of Names is wrong, since the name 'Madagascar' actually changed denotation [Evans]
 16405 To understand a name (unlike a description) picking the thing out is sufficient? [Stalnaker]
 10456 Millian names struggle with existence, empty names, identities and attitude ascription [Bach]
 13399 Examples show that ordinary proper names are not rigid designators [Jubien]
 7306 If the only property of a name was its reference, we couldn't explain bearerless names [Miller,A]
 21653 Maybe not even names are referential, but are just by used by speakers to refer [Hofweber]
 18945 Millians say a name just means its object [Sawyer]