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5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / d. Singular terms

[any phrase intended to pick out a single object]

15 ideas
Frege ascribes reference to incomplete expressions, as well as to singular terms [Frege ,by Hale]
"Nobody" is not a singular term, but a quantifier [Russell ,by Lycan]
Russell rewrote singular term names as predicates [Ayer]
An expression refers if it is a singular term in some true sentences [Wright,C ,by Dummett]
Varieties of singular terms are used to designate token particulars [Rey]
Singular terms refer, using proper names, definite descriptions, singular personal pronouns, demonstratives, etc. [Lycan]
Singular terms refer if they make certain atomic statements true [Hale/Wright]
A 'singulariser' converts a plural like 'number of' to a syntactically neutral form [Cartwright,H ,by Hossack]
Often the same singular term does not ensure reliable inference [Hale]
Plenty of clear examples have singular terms with no ontological commitment [Hale]
An expression is a genuine singular term if it resists elimination by paraphrase [Hale]
We should decide whether singular terms are genuine by their usage [Hale]
If singular terms can't be language-neutral, then we face a relativity about their objects [Hale]
An adjective contributes semantically to a noun phrase [Hofweber]
Mental files are the counterparts of singular terms [Recanati]