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14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / h. Explanations by function

[explanation as showing a function or purpose]

4 ideas
To explain a house we must describe its use, as well as its parts [Leibniz]
Final causes can help with explanations in physics [Leibniz]
Functions are not properties of objects, they are activities contributing to mechanisms [Machamer/Darden/Craver]
Biological functions are explained by disposition, or by causal role [Leuridan]