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26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / c. Essence and laws

[relationship between essences and laws of nature]

20 ideas
Natural things observe certain laws, and things cannot do otherwise if they retain their forms [Hooker,R]
I am not saying gravity is essential to bodies [Newton]
I won't object if someone shows that gravity consistently arises from the action of matter [Newton]
Each of the infinite possible worlds has its own laws, and the individuals contain those laws [Leibniz]
Gravity is within matter because of its structure, and it can be explained. [Leibniz]
The only permanence in things, constituting their substance, is a law of continuity [Leibniz]
In addition to laws, God must also create appropriate natures for things [Leibniz]
Leibniz wanted to explain motion and its laws by the nature of body [Leibniz, by Garber]
The law within something fixes its persistence, and accords with general laws of nature [Leibniz]
Laws are the necessary relations that derive from the nature of things [Montesquieu]
Things are strong or weak, and do not behave regularly or according to rules or compulsions [Nietzsche]
Chemical 'laws' are merely the establishment of power relations between weaker and stronger [Nietzsche]
All motions and 'laws' are symptoms of inner events, traceable to the will to power [Nietzsche]
Causal laws are summaries of powers [Martin,CB]
A hierarchy of natural kinds is elaborate ontology, but needed to explain natural laws [Ellis]
Dispositions are not general laws, but laws of the natures of individual entities [Place]
Laws of nature state necessary connections of things, events and properties, based on models of mechanisms [Harré]
In lawful universal statements (unlike accidental ones) we see why the regularity holds [Harré/Madden]
Laws of nature are just the possession of essential properties by natural kinds [Mumford]
Laws are relations of kinds, quantities and qualities, supervening on the essences of a domain [Vetter]