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9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 5. Simples

[minimal small components that make up larger objects]

7 ideas
The simple's whatness is its very self [Avicenna]
The analysis of things leads to atoms of substance, which found both composition and action [Leibniz]
Unities are only in propositions or concepts, and nothing that exists has unity [Russell]
We might fix identities for small particulars, but it is utopian to hope for such things [Kripke]
There are no objects with proper parts; there are only mereological simples [Unger, by Wasserman]
Quantum field theory suggests that there are, fundamentally, no individual things [Swoyer]
We can eliminate objects without a commitment to simples [Merricks]