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7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 4. Naturalism

[there is nothing beyond what we call 'nature']

5 ideas
Non-human things are explicable naturally, and voluntary things by the will, so God is not needed [Aquinas]
Laws of nature are universal, so everything must be understood through those laws [Spinoza]
First see nature as non-human, then fit ourselves into this view of nature [Nietzsche]
'Naturalism' says only the world of space-time exists [Armstrong]
Externalism may be the key idea in philosophical naturalism [Papineau]