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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / f. Primary being

[concept of a mode of being prior to all others]

7 ideas
Primary being must be more than mere indeterminate ultimate subject of predication [Politis on Aristotle]
The three main candidates for primary being are particular, universal and essence; essence is the answer [Politis on Aristotle]
Primary being is either universals, or the basis of predication, or essence [Politis on Aristotle]
Non-primary beings lack essence, or only have a derived essence [Politis on Aristotle]
Primary being ('proté ousia') exists in virtue of itself, not in relation to other things [Politis on Aristotle]
Primary being is both the essence, and the subject of predication [Politis on Aristotle]
Being posits essence, and my essence is my being [Feuerbach]