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20. Action / D. Explaining an Action / 4. Justifying an Action

[establishing that the correct action was taken]

6 ideas
If you repent of an act done through ignorance, you acted involuntarily, not non-voluntarily [Aristotle]
For Aristotle responsibility seems negative, in the absence of force or ignorance [Irwin on Aristotle]
Responsibility involves cause, intention, state of mind, and response after the event [Williams,B]
The rationalistic approach says actions are intentional when subject to justification [Stout,R]
There may be a justification relative to a person's view, and yet no absolute justification [Stout,R]
A standard view says that the explanation of an action is showing its rational justification [Stout,R]