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23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 6. Authentic Self

[changing one's self into something more genuine]

28 ideas
There is a self-determing power in each person, which makes them what they are [Cudworth]
Feelings are prior to intelligence; we should be content to live with our simplest feelings [Rousseau]
The in-itself must become for-itself, which requires self-consciousness [Hegel]
I am a creative nothing, out of which I myself create everything [Stirner]
Young Hegelians proposed changing our present consciousness for liberating critical consciousness [Marx/Engels]
There are aesthetic, ethical and religious subjectivity [Kierkegaard, by Carlisle]
People want to lose themselves in movements and history, instead of being individuals [Kierkegaard]
Becoming what one is is a huge difficulty, because we strongly aspire to be something else [Kierkegaard]
Nietzsche thinks the human condition is to overcome and remake itself [Nietzsche, by Ansell Pearson]
Man is the animal whose nature has not yet been fixed [Nietzsche]
Most people think they are already complete, but we can cultivate ourselves [Nietzsche]
To become what you are you must have no self-awareness [Nietzsche]
By developing herd virtues man fixes what has up to now been the 'unfixed animal' [Nietzsche]
Virtues from outside are dangerous, and they should come from within [Nietzsche]
Virtuous people are inferior because they are not 'persons', but conform to a fixed pattern [Nietzsche]
'Existenz' is the potential being, which I could have, and ought to have [Jaspers]
Mundane existence is general, falling under universals, but Existens is unique to individuals [Jaspers]
We want the correct grasp on being that is neither solipsism nor absorption in the crowd [Jaspers]
Dasein is always only that which it has chosen to be [Heidegger]
Heidegger says we must either choose an inauthentic hero, or choose yourself as hero [Heidegger, by Critchley]
Authenticity is taking responsibility for a situation, with all its risks and emotions [Sartre]
Sincerity is not authenticity, because it only commits to one particular identity [Sartre, by Aho]
We flee from the anguish of freedom by seeing ourselves objectively, as determined [Sartre]
Existentialism says man is whatever he makes of himself [Sartre]
It is dishonest to offer passions as an excuse [Sartre]
Sartre gradually realised that freedom is curtailed by the weight of situation [Sartre, by Daigle]
A standard problem for existentialism is the 'sincere Nazi' [Graham]
The self is constituted by its choices made within a social context [Aho]