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22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / f. Ethical non-cognitivism

[there is no objective knowledge about ethics]

9 ideas
Whether nature is beautiful or orderly is entirely in relation to human imagination [Spinoza]
Morality is merely interpretations, which are extra-moral in origin [Nietzsche]
Philosophers hate values having an origin, and want values to be self-sufficient [Nietzsche]
There are no moral facts, and moralists believe in realities which do not exist [Nietzsche]
Non-cognitivists give the conditions of use of moral sentences as facts about the speaker [Foot]
The 'error theory' of morals says there is no moral knowledge, because there are no moral facts [Mackie, by Engel]
We tolerate inconsistency in ethics but not in other beliefs (which reflect an independent order) [Williams,B, by Foot]
Moral conflicts have a different feeling and structure from belief conflicts [Williams,B, by Foot]
If moral systems can't judge other moral systems, then moral relativism is true [Williams,B, by Foot]