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27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 4. Standard Model / b. Standard model

[main principles of the standard physics model]

11 ideas
The standard model combines theories of strong interaction, and electromagnetic and weak interaction [Martin,BR]
The current standard model requires 61 particles [Baggott]
Three particles enable the weak force: W+ and W- are charged, and Z is not [New Sci.]
The four fundamental forces (gravity, electromagnetism, weak and strong) are the effects of particles [New Sci.]
The weak force explains beta decay, and the change of type by quarks and leptons [New Sci.]
The weak force particles are heavy, so the force has a short range [New Sci.]
Why do the charges of the very different proton and electron perfectly match up? [New Sci.]
The Standard Model cannot explain dark energy, survival of matter, gravity, or force strength [New Sci.]
The Standard Model omits gravity, because there are no particles involved [Hesketh]
In Supersymmetry the Standard Model simplifies at high energies [Hesketh]
Standard Model forces are one- two- and three-dimensional [Hesketh]