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11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / c. Empirical idealism

[we are trapped inside our own experiences]

15 ideas
For Berkelely, reality is ideas and a community of minds, including God's [Berkeley, by Grayling]
'To be is to be perceived' is a simple confusion of experience with its objects [Russell on Berkeley]
There is no such thing as 'material substance' [Berkeley]
Time is measured by the succession of ideas in our minds [Berkeley]
I conceive a tree in my mind, but I cannot prove that its existence can be conceived outside a mind [Berkeley]
There is nothing in nature which needs the concept of matter to explain it [Berkeley]
Perceptions are ideas, and ideas exist in the mind, so objects only exist in the mind [Berkeley]
The 'esse' of objects is 'percipi', and they can only exist in minds [Berkeley]
The only substance is spirit, or that which perceives [Berkeley]
When I shut my eyes, the things I saw may still exist, but in another mind [Berkeley]
Berkeley seems to have mistakenly thought that chairs are the same as after-images [Fodor]
There once was a man who said: 'God... [Sommers,W]
Dear Sir, Your astonishment's odd.... [Sommers,W]
..But if he's a student of Berkeley... [Sommers,W]
The philosopher Berkeley once said.. [Sommers,W]