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11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / d. Absolute idealism

[reality is an ultimate unity of all ideas]

37 ideas
Transcendental philosophy is the subject becoming the originator of unified reality [Kant]
Poetry is true idealism, and the self-consciousness of the universe [Novalis]
Fichte's key claim was that the subjective-objective distinction must itself be subjective [Fichte, by Pinkard]
Self-consciousness is the basis of knowledge, and knowing something is knowing myself [Fichte]
There is nothing to say about anything which is outside my consciousness [Fichte]
Awareness of reality comes from the free activity of consciousness [Fichte]
The absolute I divides into consciousness, and a world which is not-I [Fichte, by Bowie]
Reason arises from freedom, so philosophy starts from the self, and not from the laws of nature [Fichte]
Abandon the thing-in-itself; things only exist in relation to our thinking [Fichte]
Existence is just a set of relationships [Hegel]
Genuine idealism is seeing the ideal structure of the world [Hegel, by Houlgate]
The Absolute is not supposed to be comprehended, but felt and intuited [Hegel]
In the Absolute everything is the same [Hegel]
Being is Thought [Hegel]
The 'absolute idea' is when all the contradictions are exhausted [Hegel, by Bowie]
Hegel, unlike Kant, said how things appear is the same as how things are [Hegel, by Moore,AW]
Hegel's non-subjective idealism is the unity of subjective and objective viewpoints [Hegel, by Pinkard]
Hegel claimed his system was about the world, but it only mapped conceptual interdependence [Pinkard on Hegel]
The Absolute is the primitive system of concepts which are actualised [Hegel, by Gardner]
The absolute idea is being, imperishable life, self-knowing truth, and all truth [Hegel]
The absolute idea is the great unity of the infinite system of concepts [Hegel, by Moore,AW]
Authentic thinking and reality have the same content [Hegel]
We must show that the whole of nature, because it is effective, is grounded in freedom [Schelling]
For Schelling the Absolute spirit manifests as nature in which self-consciousness evolves [Schelling, by Lewis,PB]
Metaphysics aims at the Absolute, which goes beyond subjective and objective viewpoints [Schelling, by Pinkard]
Schelling always affirmed the absolute status of freedom [Schelling, by Courtine]
The Absolute is the 'and' which unites 'spirit and nature' [Feuerbach]
British Idealists said reality is a single Mind which experiences itself [Bradley, by Grayling]
Bradley's objective idealism accepts reality (the Absolute), but says we can't fully describe it [Bradley, by Potter]
Qualities and relations are mere appearance; the Absolute is a single undifferentiated substance [Bradley, by Heil]
The Idealists saw the same unexplained spontaneity in Kant's judgements and choices [Bowie]
German Idealism tried to stop oppositions of appearances/things and receptivity/spontaneity [Bowie]
Crucial to Idealism is the idea of continuity between receptivity and spontaneous judgement [Bowie]
German Idealism says our thinking and nature have the same rational structure [Bowie]
German and British idealism is not about individual ideas, but the intelligibility of reality [Glock]
Fichte, Hegel and Schelling developed versions of Absolute Idealism [Lewis,PB]
Fichte, Schelling and Hegel rejected transcendental idealism [Lewis,PB]