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12. Knowledge Sources / E. Direct Knowledge / 1. Intuition

[direct awareness of knowledge]

22 ideas
Intuition grasps the definitions that can't be proved [Aristotle]
Aristotle wants to fit common intuitions, and therefore uses language as a guide [Aristotle ,by Gill,ML]
Intuition gives us direct and certain knowledge of what is obvious [Locke]
Kantian intuitions are of particulars, and they give immediate knowledge [Kant ,by Shapiro]
Intuition is a representation that depends on the presence of the object [Kant]
Bolzano wanted to avoid Kantian intuitions, and prove everything that could be proved [Bolzano ,by Dummett]
Intuitions cannot be communicated [Frege ,by Burge]
Intuition only recognises what is possible, not what exists or is certain [Nietzsche]
Russell showed, through the paradoxes, that our basic logical intuitions are self-contradictory [Russell/Whitehead ,by Gödel]
How do I decide when to accept or obey an intuition? [Wittgenstein]
Intuition is the strongest possible evidence one can have about anything [Kripke]
Intuition and thought-experiments embody substantial information about the world [Papineau]
'Intuitions' are just unreliable 'hunches'; over centuries intuitions change enormously [Lowe]
If we learn geometry by intuition, how could this faculty have misled us for so long? [Boghossian]
Intuition is neither powerful nor vacuous, but reveals linguistic or conceptual competence [Williamson]
When analytic philosophers run out of arguments, they present intuitions as their evidence [Williamson]
The word 'intuitive' often plays not role at all in arguments, and can be removed [Cappelen]
Intuition includes apriority, clarity, modality, authority, fallibility and no inferences [Hanna]
Intuition is only outside the 'space of reasons' if all reasons are inferential [Hanna]
Intuition is more like memory, imagination or understanding, than like perception [Hanna]
There is no reason to think our intuitions are good for science or metaphysics [Ladyman/Ross]
It is not enough that intuition be reliable - we need to know why it is reliable [Jenkins]