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23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice

[correct behaviour towards other people]

23 ideas
For Pythagoreans, justice is simply treating all people the same [Pythagoras, by Aristotle]
Against a villain, villainy is not a useless weapon [Epicharmus]
One ought not to return a wrong or injury to any person, whatever the provocation [Socrates]
A criminal is worse off if he avoids punishment [Plato]
Do most people praise self-discipline and justice because they are too timid to gain their own pleasure? [Plato]
Injustice is the mastery of the soul by bad feelings, even if they do not lead to harm [Plato]
Simonides said morality is helping one's friends and harming one's enemies [Plato]
Justice concerns our behaviour in dealing with other people [Aristotle]
What emotion is displayed in justice, and what are its deficiency and excess? [Urmson on Aristotle]
The word 'unjust' describes law-breaking and exploitation [Aristotle]
Justice is whatever creates or preserves social happiness [Aristotle]
Between friends there is no need for justice [Aristotle]
Justice is a pledge of mutual protection [Epicurus]
The wrongdoer is more unfortunate than the person wronged [Democritus (attr)]
Justice is a disposition to distribute according to desert [Diogenes of Babylon, by Blank]
Don't resist evil, but turn the other cheek [Jesus]
Those who avenge themselves when wronged incur no guilt [Mohammed]
Injustice is the failure to keep a contract, and justice is the constant will to give what is owed [Hobbes]
Justice only exists to support society [Hume]
Justice (fairness) originates among roughly equal powers (as the Melian dialogues show) [Nietzsche]
When powerless one desires freedom; if power is too weak, one desires equal power ('justice') [Nietzsche]
'Dikaiosune' is justice, but also fairness and personal integrity [MacIntyre]
Only just people will drop their own self-interests when faced with an impartial verdict [Scruton]