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23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 5. Motivation for Duty

[reasons why someone should want to do their duty]

16 ideas
Conclusions of reason do not affect our emotions or decisions to act [Hume]
Moral blame is based on reason, since a reason is a cause which should have been followed [Kant]
Moral laws are commands, which must involve promises and threats, which only God could provide [Kant]
For Kant, even a person who lacks all sympathy for others still has a motive for benevolence [Hursthouse on Kant]
If we are required to give moral thought the highest priority, this gives morality no content [Williams,B on Kant]
Only a good will makes us worthy of happiness [Kant]
The function of reason is to produce a good will [Kant]
Our inclinations are not innately desirable; in fact most rational beings would like to be rid of them [Kant]
Actions where people spread happiness because they enjoy it have no genuine moral worth [Kant]
A holy will is incapable of any maxims which conflict with the moral law [Kant]
Reason cannot solve the problem of why a law should motivate the will [Kant]
If Kant lives by self-administered laws, this is as feeble as self-administered punishments [Kierkegaard]
If reason cannot lead people to good, we must hope they have an internal voice [Williams,B]
If the moral self is seen as characterless, then other people have a very limited role in our moral lives [Williams,B]
We find new motives by discovering reasons for action different from our preexisting motives [Nagel]
If excessively good actions are admirable but not required, then duty isn't basic [Annas]