structure for 'Science'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

14. Science / C. Induction / 4. Reason in Induction

[role of pure reason in inductive inference]

12 ideas
Induction moves from some truths to similar ones, by contraries or consequents [Diog. Laertius]
Premises can support an argument without entailing it [Pollock/Cruz on Hume]
Hume just shows induction isn't deduction [Williams,M on Hume]
Good induction needs 'total evidence' - the absence at the time of any undermining evidence [Salmon]
Science cannot be shown to be rational if induction is rejected [Newton-Smith on Popper]
All reasoning is inductive, and deduction only concerns implication [Harman]
Observed regularities are only predictable if we assume hidden necessity [Nagel]
An inductive inference is underdetermined, by definition [Lipton]
We can argue to support our beliefs, so induction will support induction, for believers in induction [Lipton]
Induction (unlike deduction) is non-monotonic - it can be invalidated by new premises [Psillos]
How can an argument be good induction, but poor deduction? [Baggini /Fosl]
Inductive defences of induction may be rule-circular, but not viciously premise-circular [Ladyman/Ross]