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13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 1. Justification / a. Justification issues

[areas of interest concerning justification]

13 ideas
If we need a criterion of truth, we need to know whether it is the correct criterion [Fogelin on Pyrrho]
Reasons can either be facts in the world, or intentional states [Searle]
Must all justification be inferential? [Ginet]
Inference cannot originate justification, it can only transfer it from premises to conclusion [Ginet]
A 'warrant' is a process which ensures that a true belief is knowledge [Kitcher]
Is it people who are justified, or propositions? [Williams,M]
Bayesian epistemology is Bayes' Theorem plus the 'simple rule' (believe P if it is probable) [Pollock/Cruz]
Justification can be of the belief, or of the person holding the belief [Bernecker/Dretske]
Modern epistemology centres on debates about foundations, and about external justification [O'Grady]
The 'warrant' for a belief is what turns a true belief into knowledge [Merricks]
Don't confuse justified belief with justified believers [Dougherty/Rysiew]
Epistemic is normally marked out from moral or pragmatic justifications by its truth-goal [Vahid]
'Modal epistemology' demands a connection between the belief and facts in possible worlds [Black,T]