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2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 5. Fallacy of Composition

[attributing the properties of members to the set as a whole]

5 ideas
'If each is small, so too are all' is in one way false, for the whole composed of all is not small [Aristotle]
If the parts of the universe are subject to the law of nature, the whole universe must also be subject to it [Cicero]
The fallacy of composition is the assumption that what is true of the parts is true of the whole [Mautner]
Don't assume that a thing has all the properties of its parts [Macdonald,C]
Formally, composition and division fallacies occur in mereology [Hanna]