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22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 7. Moral Motives

[what causes people to want to behave well]

12 ideas
If one does not hope, one will not find the unhoped-for, since nothing leads to it [Heraclitus]
The two ruling human principles are the natural desire for pleasure, and an acquired love of virtue [Plato]
If we should not mistreat humans, it is mainly because of sentience, not rationality [Rousseau]
People cannot come to morality through feeling, because morality must not be sensuous [Kant]
Only self-love can motivate morality, but that also makes it worthless [Schopenhauer]
There is a conspiracy (a will to power) to make morality dominate other values, like knowledge and art [Nietzsche]
The 'Ethics' is disappointing, because it fails to try to justify our duties [Prichard]
Moore cannot show why something being good gives us a reason for action [MacIntyre on Moore,GE]
Plato found that he could only enforce rational moral justification by creating an authoritarian society [Williams,B]
Morality must be motivating, and not because of pre-moral motives [Nagel]
Pain doesn't have a further property of badness; it gives a reason for its avoidance [Nagel]
All moral life depends ultimately on piety, which is our recognition of our own dependence [Scruton]