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27. Natural Reality / E. Cosmology / 3. The Beginning

[first moment of the universe]

10 ideas
Movement is transmitted through everything, and it must have started with self-generated motion [Plato]
If the prime origin is destroyed, it will not come into being again out of anything [Plato]
If the cosmos is an object of perception then it must be continually changing [Plato]
Everyone agrees that the world had a beginning, but thinkers disagree over whether it will end [Aristotle]
Even if the world is caused by fate, mind and nature are still prior causes [Aristotle]
Something which both moves and is moved is intermediate, so it follows that there must be an unmoved mover [Aristotle]
The first mover is necessary, and because it is necessary it is good [Aristotle]
Heaven and earth must be created, because they are subject to change [Augustine]
The universe is precisely 13.72 billion years old [Krauss]
Scholastic authors agree that matter was created by God, out of nothing [Pasnau]