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13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 3. Subjectivism

[knowledge is entirely 'down to the individual']

21 ideas
Health, feeding and rest are only made good by disease, hunger and weariness [Heraclitus]
One vision is produced by both eyes [Empedocles]
You can only state the problem of the relative warmth of an object by agreeing on the underlying object [Benardete,JA on Protagoras]
If my hot wind is your cold wind, then wind is neither hot nor cold, and so not as cold as itself [Benardete,JA on Protagoras]
If truth is relative it is relational, and concerns appearances relative to a situation [Aristotle]
If relativism is individual, how can something look sweet and not taste it, or look different to our two eyes? [Aristotle]
That honey is sweet I do not affirm, but I agree that it appears so [Timon]
Water that seems lukewarm can seem very hot on inflamed skin [Sext.Empiricus]
Sickness is perfectly natural to the sick, so their natural perceptions should carry some weight [Sext.Empiricus]
Some actions seem shameful when sober but not when drunk [Sext.Empiricus]
If we enjoy different things, presumably we receive different impressions [Sext.Empiricus]
If we had no hearing or sight, we would assume no sound or sight exists, so there may be unsensed qualities [Sext.Empiricus]
A hot hand and a cold hand will have different experiences in the same tepid water [Berkeley]
Man never understands how anthropomorphic he is [Goethe]
Nietzsche's perspectivism says our worldview depends on our personality [Nietzsche, by Fogelin]
Comprehending everything is impossible, because it abolishes perspectives [Nietzsche]
Is the perspectival part of the essence, or just a relation between beings? [Nietzsche]
'Subjectivity' is an interpretation, since subjects (and interpreters) are fictions [Nietzsche]
'Perspectivism': the world has no meaning, but various interpretations give it countless meanings [Nietzsche]
There are different eyes, so different 'truths', so there is no truth [Nietzsche]
'Subjectivism' is an extension of relativism from the social group to the individual [Graham]