structure for 'Philosophy'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 1. Analysis

[strategy and value of breaking down ideas and reality]

42 ideas
Socrates began the quest for something universal with his definitions, but he didn't make them separate [Socrates, by Aristotle]
Socrates developed definitions as the basis of syllogisms, and also inductive arguments [Socrates, by Aristotle]
Philosophical discussion involves dividing subject-matter into categories [Socrates, by Xenophon]
A speaker should be able to divide a subject, right down to the limits of divisibility [Plato]
Whenever you perceive a community of things, you should also hunt out differences in the group [Plato]
Either a syllable is its letters (making parts as knowable as whole) or it isn't (meaning it has no parts) [Plato]
Understanding mainly involves knowing the elements, not their combinations [Plato]
Trained minds never expect more precision than is possible [Aristotle]
Begin examination with basics, and subdivide till you can go no further [Aristotle]
We should say nothing of the whole if our contact is with the parts [Epicurus, by Plutarch]
Resolve a complex into simple elements, then reconstruct the complex by using them [Hobbes]
Analysis is the art of finding the middle term [Leibniz]
An idea is analysed perfectly when it is shown a priori that it is possible [Leibniz]
If we suspect that a philosophical term is meaningless, we should ask what impression it derives from [Hume]
Analysis is becoming self-conscious about our concepts [Kant]
Thoughts are learnt through words, so language shows the limits and shape of our knowledge [Herder]
Metaphysics is turning into logic, and logic is becoming mathematics [Peirce]
Frege developed formal systems to avoid unnoticed assumptions [Frege, by Lavine]
Frege initiated linguistic philosophy, studying number through the sense of sentences [Frege]
Only by analysing is progress possible in philosophy [Russell]
Analysis gives new knowledge, without destroying what we already have [Russell]
All philosophy should begin with an analysis of propositions [Russell]
The study of grammar is underestimated in philosophy [Russell]
Analysis gives us nothing but the truth - but never the whole truth [Russell]
Analysis for Moore and Russell is carving up the world, not investigating language [Moore,GE, by Monk]
We already know what we want to know, and analysis gives us no new facts [Wittgenstein]
All complex statements can be resolved into constituents and descriptions [Wittgenstein]
Disputes that fail to use precise scientific terminology are all meaningless [Tarski]
If if time is money then if time is not money then time is money then if if if time is not money... [Quine]
Analysis aims at the structure of facts, which are needed to give a rationale to analysis [Urmson, by Schaffer,J]
I use variables to show that each item remains the same entity throughout [Chisholm]
Frege was the first to give linguistic answers to non-linguistic questions [Dummett]
Philosophers have given precise senses to deduction, probability, computability etc [Quine/Ullian]
Analytic philosophy has an exceptional arsenal of critical tools [Fraassen]
Armstrong's analysis seeks truthmakers rather than definitions [Lewis]
Analysis reduces primitives and makes understanding explicit (without adding new knowledge) [Lewis]
To study abstract problems, some knowledge of set theory is essential [Hart,WD]
Study vagueness first by its logic, then by its truth-conditions, and then its metaphysics [Fine,K]
Philosophers are often too fussy about words, dismissing perfectly useful ordinary terms [Rosen]
Analytic philosophers may prefer formal systems because natural language is such mess [Simons]
Analysis aims at secure necessary and sufficient conditions [Schaffer,J]
Frege's logical approach dominates the analytical tradition [Hanna]