structure for 'Society'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

25. Society / E. State Functions / 2. The Law / b. Natural law

[laws arising from the natural state of mankind]

14 ideas
Natural justice is the same everywhere, and does not (unlike legal justice) depend on acceptance [Aristotle]
Stoics originated the concept of natural law, as agreed correct reasoning [Annas on Zeno of Citium]
Human laws must accord with the general laws of Nature [Hooker,R]
A natural right of self-preservation is balanced by a natural law to avoid unnecessary harm [Tuck on Grotius]
Obligation to obey all positive laws is older than all laws [Cudworth]
Natural law is immutable truth giving moral truths and duties independent of society [Cumberland]
The order of nature does not prohibit anything, and allows whatever appetite produces [Spinoza]
It is only by a law of Nature that we can justify punishing foreigners [Locke]
Prior to positive laws there is natural equity, of obedience, gratitude, dependence and merit [Montesquieu]
Sensation gives animals natural laws, but knowledge can make them break them [Montesquieu]
Writers just propose natural law as the likely useful agreements among people [Rousseau]
Natural justice, without sanctions, benefits the wicked, who exploit it [Rousseau]
Natural law theory is found in Aquinas, in Leibniz, and at the Nuremberg trials [Jolley]
Kant completed Grotius's project of a non-religious basis for natural law [Scruton]