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25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / c. Despotism

[corrupt single leader who abuses a state]

22 ideas
Totalitarian states destroy friendships and community spirit [Plato]
To retain a conquered state, wipe out the ruling family, and preserve everything else [Machiavelli]
People are vengeful, so be generous to them, or destroy them [Machiavelli]
A sensible conqueror does all his harmful deeds immediately, because people soon forget [Machiavelli]
The idea that absolute power improves mankind is confuted by history [Locke]
Despotism is arbitrary power to kill, based neither on natural equality, nor any social contract [Locke]
People stripped of their property are legitimately subject to despotism [Locke]
Legitimate prisoners of war are subject to despotism, because that continues the state of war [Locke]
Despots are always lazy and ignorant, so they always delegate their power to a vizier [Montesquieu]
Despotism and honour are incompatible, because honour scorns his power, and lives by rules [Montesquieu]
A despot's agents must be given power, so they inevitably become corrupt [Montesquieu]
The will of a despot is an enigma, so magistrates can only follow their own will [Montesquieu]
Tyranny is either real violence, or the imposition of unpopular legislation [Montesquieu]
It is evil to give a government any more power than is necessary [Mill]
Despots like to see their own regulations ignored, by themselves and their agents [Tocqueville]
No authority ever willingly accepts criticism [Nietzsche]
Totalitarian parties cut their members off from other cultural organisations [Gramsci]
Modern totalitarianism results from lack of social ties or shared goals [Arendt, by Oksala]
The ideal subject for dictators is not a fanatic, but someone who can't distinguish true from false [Arendt, by Oksala]
Whole populations are terrorist threats to authorities, who unite against them [Baudrillard]
How can dictators advance the interests of the people, if they don't consult them about interests? [Wolff,J]
Famines tend to be caused by authoritarian rule [Sen]