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25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / c. Despotism

[corrupt single leader who abuses a state]

17 ideas
Totalitarian states destroy friendships and community spirit [Plato]
To retain a conquered state, wipe out the ruling family, and preserve everything else [Machiavelli]
People are vengeful, so be generous to them, or destroy them [Machiavelli]
A sensible conqueror does all his harmful deeds immediately, because people soon forget [Machiavelli]
The idea that absolute power improves mankind is confuted by history [Locke]
Despotism is arbitrary power to kill, based neither on natural equality, nor any social contract [Locke]
People stripped of their property are legitimately subject to despotism [Locke]
Legitimate prisoners of war are subject to despotism, because that continues the state of war [Locke]
Despots are always lazy and ignorant, so they always delegate their power to a vizier [Montesquieu]
Despotism and honour are incompatible, because honour scorns his power, and lives by rules [Montesquieu]
A despot's agents must be given power, so they inevitably become corrupt [Montesquieu]
The will of a despot is an enigma, so magistrates can only follow their own will [Montesquieu]
Tyranny is either real violence, or the imposition of unpopular legislation [Montesquieu]
It is evil to give a government any more power than is necessary [Mill]
No authority ever willingly accepts criticism [Nietzsche]
Power doesn't just repress, but entices us with pleasure, artefacts, knowledge and discourse [Foucault]
Whole populations are terrorist threats to authorities, who unite against them [Baudrillard]