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18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 6. Judgement / b. Error

[how incorrect judgements occur]

8 ideas
I make errors because my will extends beyond my understanding [Descartes]
Most errors of judgement result from an inaccurate perception of the facts [Descartes]
People make calculation mistakes by misjudging the figures, not calculating them wrong [Spinoza]
Do incorrect judgements have non-existent, or mental, or external objects? [Russell]
Surprise is a criterion of error [Russell]
To explain false belief we should take belief as relating to a proposition's parts, not to the whole thing [Russell]
The theory of error seems to need the existence of the non-existent [Russell]
In order to explain falsehood, a belief must involve several terms, not two [Russell]