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13. Knowledge Criteria / D. Scepticism / 6. Scepticism Critique

[ways of objecting to strongly sceptical claims]

25 ideas
You don't need to learn what you know, and how do you seek for what you don't know? [Plato]
When someone denied motion, Diogenes got up and walked away [Diog. Laertius on Diogenes of Sin.]
Academics said that Pyrrhonians were guilty of 'negative dogmatism' [Fogelin on Pyrrho]
When sceptics say that nothing is definable, or all arguments have an opposite, they are being dogmatic [Diog. Laertius]
When rebuilding a house, one needs alternative lodgings [Descartes]
I can only sense an object if it is present, and can't fail to sense it when it is [Descartes]
Locke has no patience with scepticism [Locke]
I don't recommend universal doubt; we constantly seek reasons for things which are indubitable [Leibniz]
It is a very extravagant aim of the sceptics to destroy reason and argument by means of reason and argument [Hume]
The main objection to scepticism is that no good can come of it [Hume]
Scepticism is the euthanasia of pure reason [Kant]
Scepticism is absurd in maths, where there are no hidden false assertions [Kant]
Once doubt ceases, there is no point in continuing to argue [Peirce]
Total doubt can't even get started [Wittgenstein]
One can mistrust one's own senses, but not one's own beliefs [Wittgenstein]
Skepticism is false because our utterances agree, because they are caused by the same objects [Davidson]
You can't debate about whether to have higher standards for the application of words [Rorty]
Scepticism is based on ideas which scepticism makes impossible [Nagel]
What is the point of arguing against knowledge, if being right undermines your own argument? [Dancy,J]
Logical positivism avoids scepticism, by closing the gap between evidence and conclusion [Scruton]
Contextualists slightly concede scepticism, but only in extremely strict contexts [Cohen,S]
We can't start our beliefs from scratch, because we wouldn't know where to start [Pollock/Cruz]
Modern arguments against the sceptic are epistemological and semantic externalism, and the focus on relevance [Bernecker/Dretske]
Scepticism deals in remote possibilities that are ineliminable and set the standard very high [Fogelin]
Radical scepticism is merely raised, and is not a response to worrying evidence [Prichard,D]