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23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 1. Contractarianism

[morality as doing favours in order to receive them]

25 ideas
Hands wash hands; give that you may get [Epicharmus]
For Protagoras the only bad behaviour is that which interferes with social harmony [Protagoras, by Roochnik]
Justice is merely the interests of the stronger party [Plato]
Morality is a compromise, showing restraint, to avoid suffering wrong without compensation [Plato]
Isn't it better to have a reputation for goodness than to actually be good? [Plato]
Justice has no independent existence, but arises entirely from keeping contracts [Epicurus]
Justice is merely a contract about not harming or being harmed [Epicurus]
You may break off a treaty if you fear treachery from your ally [Mohammed]
Repay evil with good and your enemies will become friends (though this is hard) [Mohammed]
The person who performs first in a contract is said to 'merit' the return, and is owed it [Hobbes]
A contract is a mutual transfer of rights [Hobbes]
Hobbes wants a contract to found morality, but shared values are needed to make a contract [MacIntyre on Hobbes]
Both virtue and happiness are based on the preservation of one's own being [Spinoza]
People prepare our dinner from their own self-interest, not from humanity [Smith,A]
Basic justice is the negotiation of agreement among equals, and the imposition of agreement [Nietzsche]
A masterful and violent person need have nothing to do with contracts [Nietzsche]
A good moral system benefits its participants, and so demands reciprocity [Foot]
The actor is most convincing who believes that his performance is real [Wilson,EO]
A fair arrangement is one that parties can agree to without knowing how it will benefit them personally [Rawls, by Williams,B]
Why should I do anything for posterity? What has posterity ever done for me? [Singer]
Self-interest can fairly divide a cake; first person cuts, second person chooses [Poundstone]
Kant's Moral Law is the rules rational beings would accept when trying to live by agreement [Scruton]
Not all deals are fair deals [Sandel]
Does consent create the obligation, or must there be some benefit? [Sandel]
Moral contracts involve both consent and reciprocity; making the deal, and keeping it [Sandel]