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23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / a. Virtues

[qualities considered to make a person excellent]

32 ideas
Pythagoras taught that virtue is harmony, and health, and universal good, and God [Diog. Laertius on Pythagoras]
The virtues of the best people are humility, maganimity, sincerity, diligence, and graciousness [Confucius]
The virtue of man is thoughtful foresight of future events [Diog. Laertius on Chilo]
Socrates made the civic values of justice and friendship paramount [Grayling on Socrates]
A good community necessarily has wisdom, courage, self-discipline and morality [Plato]
Gods exist in a state which is morally superior to virtue [Aristotle]
Justice and self-control are better than courage, because they are always useful [Aristotle]
Friendship is preferable to money, since its excess is preferable [Aristotle]
Zeno says there are four main virtues, which are inseparable but distinct [Plutarch on Zeno of Citium]
All is vanity, saith the Preacher [Anon (Ecc)]
The cardinal virtues are theoretical (based on knowledge), and others are 'non-theoretical' [Dorandi on Hecato]
Blessed are the meek; for they shall inherit the earth [Jesus]
Every night I critically review how I have behaved during the day [Seneca]
It is shameful to not even recognise your own slaves [Seneca]
The good life involves social participation, loyalty, temperance and honesty [Plutarch]
The six perfections are giving, morality, patience, vigour, meditation, and wisdom [Nagarjuna]
Each part of the soul has its virtue - pleasure for appetite, success for competition, and rectitude for reason [Galen]
There are practical, purificatory, contemplative, and exemplary virtues [Porphyry]
Allah rewards those who are devout, sincere, patient, humble, charitable, chaste, and who fast [Mohammed]
Descartes makes strength of will the central virtue [Taylor,C on Descartes]
Unlike us, the early Greeks thought envy was a good thing, and hope a bad thing [Nietzsche]
The Jews treated great anger as holy, and were in awe of those who expressed it [Nietzsche]
Christianity replaces rational philosophical virtues with great passions focused on God [Nietzsche]
All societies of good men give a priority to gratitude [Nietzsche]
Courage, compassion, insight, solitude are the virtues, with courtesy a necessary vice [Nietzsche]
A path to power: to introduce a new virtue under the name of an old one [Nietzsche]
Modesty, industriousness, benevolence and temperance are the virtues of a good slave [Nietzsche]
Many virtues are merely restraints on the most creative qualities of a human being [Nietzsche]
Virtues can destroy one another, through jealousy [Nietzsche]
If we are essentially free wills, authenticity and sincerity are the highest virtues [Berlin]
The modern virtues are courage, prudence, wisdom, temperance, justice, charity and loyalty [Scruton]
For the virtue of honesty you must be careful with the truth, and not just speak truly [Zagzebski]